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Forest Monitoring Inputs for National Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Reporting

Profile of Service Package

National Greenhouse Gas Reporting is an essential requirement of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Kyoto Protocol. The reporting demands new information that is usually not provided by most National Forest Inventories or that is not available from other sources.

The GSE-FM service combines EO-derived data with in-situ information derived from a sample-based forest inventory. The EO data provides for instance, information about the status or former land use of afforested areas. The EO data provides information in map formats that complements statistics from a national forest inventory. Using EO data in combination with a field inventory increases the accuracy and coverage of results with minimal costs while reducing the margin of error.

The main elements of greenhouse gas reporting include national summary statistics of forest area, forest area changes within a land use change matrix, totals and changes in stem volumes, biomass and carbon.

The information provided is supplemented by an uncertainty analysis that quantifies the level of error and thereby allows a reliable estimate.

The combination of EO and in-situ data within the GSE-FM approach allows users responsible for reporting under the Kyoto-Protocol to achieve the highest levels of reporting confidence. In situations where no national forest inventory is available, the GSE-FM services promote the design of an inventory at low cost.

The main target group for GSE-FM greenhouse gas reporting includes national forestry and environmental agencies with a mandate to deliver national reporting and accounting under the Kyoto Protocol.

Specific Service Features

  • Spatially explicit information for Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF), delivered as maps and statistics
  • Consistent and cost effective 1990 base year assessment
  • Documentation in accordance with Good Practice Guidelines (GPG) and Conference of Parties of the conventions (COP) decisions.
  • Accuracy and uncertainty information in accordance with UNFCCC/KP reporting requirements.
  • Service coverage: usually the entire country; Update frequency: Annually or on client specifications


The following products are combined to a customised service package: